Allahbad is among the oldest cities of the world, reference of the city can be drawn from the oldest knowledge books Vedas. In the ancient time city was pronounced as Priyagraj [Still at various references name is in the use] According to Purans, Brahama, the creator of universe, called Priyag as the “Tirth Raj” [King of religious places]. History revels that the city was constructed by rulers of Hasthinapur [A reference of city is available in the most commonly read religious books Ramayan and Mahabharat] near the Piryag and name it Kaushambi. During the Kingdom of King Harshvardhan, Chinese traveler Huien Tsang and according his writings he visited Piryag in 643 A.D. Allahabad is one among the four cities where at the interval of every twelve years Kumbh Mela are organized the other three cities are Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik. This also elaborates the religious importance of the city.
According to recent history the city was founded by Mughal King Akbar in 1575 who named it as “Illahabad”. During the British rule Allahabad University the forth one in country [Three previous one are Calcutta, Bombay and Madras] was established on 23 September 1887 and was famous as the Oxford Of east. Allahabad is also known as the main center of Hindi. It is also the Allahabad city where for the first time voice for the separate Muslim state were heard during the Annual Meeting of All-India Muslim league in the year 1930.
Population wise Allahabad is among the top fifty cities of the country with a population around 12 lakhs. Main language of the city is the Hindi but it is not difficult to listen conversations in Urdu, Bengali, Kashmiri and Punjabi Languages. After the independence a considerable population from adjoining state Bihar had shifted to city. Awadhi and Khadi Boli, dialects are also in use here.
Places to Visit
During you visit to city besides having a bath at sangam remember to visit
1] Anand Bhavan : Residence of Nehru Family, Presently a Museum.
2] Allahabad Fort: Presently used by Army so a limited portion is open for the visitors. Akshay Vat – Immortal Banyan Tree and Ashoka Pillar are the another attraction for visiting this.
3] Allahabad Planetarium: If you have a scientific attitude this place is worth to visit and will add some thing to your knowledge.
4] Someshwar Mahadev Temple and Patalpuri Temple
5] Company Garden, Minto Park and Khusaro Bag : these three places are not just gardens but are speaking legends of various times of Indian history.
Personalities Related with Allahabad
Allahabad is the only city which is related with more than one Prime Minister of India. Several Politicians, Freedom Fighters, Educationist, Artist and scientist are born and brought up in the streets of this city. It is next to impossible to give list of all those a few prominent known to me are:
1] Nehru Family [Two Prime Ministers Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru and Smt. Indira Gandhi]
2] Lal Bahadur Shastri and Vishawnath Pratap Singh [Both Prime Ministers]
3] Some other Politicians are Madanlal Khurana, Dr. Murali Manohar Joshi and Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna [Who was defeated by Amitabh Bachan]
4] Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya [Founder of Banaras Hindu University]
5] Some other personalities related to the field of Education and literatures are: Dr.Harivanshrai Bachan [famous for “Madhushala” poetry collection], Mahadevi Varma, Firaq Gorakhpuri, Munshi Premchand [Famous for Novel “Godan”], Suryakant Tirpathi Nirala.
6] Film Actress Nargis and Ever young Super star Amitabh Bachan
7] Magician of Hocky Major Dhyan Chand and Mohd. Kaif, fielding inspiration, of the, present Cricket team.
8] Scientist like Meghnad Shah and Harish Chandra
9] Famous Flute Maestro Hari Prasad Chourasia.